Skip to content

Estate- and Gift-Tax Exclusion Doubled

February 15, 2018
Facebooktwitterlinkedinmail

While there was strong support for outright appeal of the estate tax, the 2017 Act retained the estate tax, but doubled the estate- and gift-tax exclusion amount. New income tax rates and brackets were also enacted for estates and trusts.

Under prior law, the estate- and gift-tax exclusion amount was $5 million, adjusted for inflation in years after 2011. For 2018, the amounts were $5.6 million per individual or $11.2 million for a married couple. Thus, transferred property under those assets was exempt from estate and gift taxes.

Starting in 2018 through 2025, the 2017 Act doubles the estate- and gift-tax exclusion amount from $5 million to $10 million. The $10 million amount is indexed for inflation after 2011 and is expected to be approximately $11.2 million for an individual in 2018 or $22.4 million for a married couple. Generation-skipping transfers are not mentioned in the 2017 Act. However, since the generation-skipping transfer tax exemption is based on the estate- and gift-tax exclusion amount, generation-skipping transfers will also be increased to these amounts.

Beneficiaries still receive a step up in basis as of the date of death for inherited assets for purposes of subsequent sales. The tax rates for estates and trusts in 2018 are:

  • 10% $0–$2,550
  • 24% $2,551–$9,150
  • 35% $9,151–$12,500
  • 37% Over $12,500

Under prior law, the maximum tax rate for estates and trusts was 40%.

Back
X
X